Core Curriculum in Nephrology
Installments of the Core Curriculum in Nephrology provide trainees in nephrology with a strong knowledge base in core topics in the specialty by providing an overview of the topic and citing key references, including the foundational literature that led to current clinical approaches.
- Podocyte injury is the initiating step in the pathway toward clinically evident forms of nephrotic syndrome known as podocytopathies, represented as either minimal change disease (MCD) or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). There are hallmark differences in the histologic appearances of MCD and FSGS, which in turn represent distinct pathogenic models after initial podocyte injury (eg, no change in podocyte number in MCD vs podocyte detachment and death in FSGS). However, MCD and FSGS also share a number of common causes, supporting the theory that these diseases lie along a shared podocytopathy spectrum.
- Automated urine technology and centralized laboratory testing are becoming the standard for providing urinalysis data to clinicians, including nephrologists. This trend has had the unintended consequence of making examination of urine sediment by nephrologists a relatively rare event. In addition, the nephrology community appears to have lost interest in and forgotten the utility of provider-performed urine microscopy. However, it is critical to remember that urine sediment examination remains a time-honored test that provides a wealth of information about the patient's underlying kidney disease.