Core Curriculum in Nephrology
Installments of the Core Curriculum in Nephrology provide trainees in nephrology with a strong knowledge base in core topics in the specialty by providing an overview of the topic and citing key references, including the foundational literature that led to current clinical approaches.
- The lungs and kidneys are cooperative and interdependent organs that secure the homeostasis of the body. Volume and acid–base disorders sit at the nexus between these two systems. However, lung–kidney interactions affect the management of many other conditions, especially among critically ill patients. Therefore, management of one system cannot proceed without a thorough understanding of the physiology of the other. This installment of AJKD’s Core Curriculum in Nephrology discusses the complex decision-making required in treating concomitant respiratory and kidney disorders.
- Medications are an important part of the management of patients with kidney disease. When used appropriately, pharmacotherapy can slow disease progression and reduce morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, reduced kidney function can significantly alter the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of many medications, putting patients at risk for drug toxicity if modifications to therapy are not appropriately managed. Adding complexity to the appropriateness of medication and dosage selection is the difficulty in estimating kidney function and the discordance between the Cockcroft-Gault–derived dosing cut points in most medication package inserts and the estimations of glomerular filtration rate by newer and generally more accurate guideline-recommended equations.