- Iron-deficiency anemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not requiring kidney replacement therapy (KRT). We evaluated effects of oral iron replacement therapy with ferric maltol in these patients.
- Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) increase hemoglobin levels, reduce transfusion requirements, and have been the standard of treatment for anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) since 1989. Many safety concerns have emerged regarding the use of ESAs, including an increased occurrence of cardiovascular events and vascular access thrombosis. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase (PH) enzyme inhibitors are a new class of agents for the treatment of anemia in CKD. These agents work by stabilizing the HIF complex and stimulating endogenous erythropoietin production even in patients with end-stage kidney disease.
- Hemodialysis patients with erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) hyporesponsiveness have been a topic of active research. However, there have been no studies of ESA hyporesponsiveness among US patients following the dramatic change in anemia management that resulted from the 2011 changes in ESA product labeling and bundling of dialysis remuneration.
- Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare genetic life-threatening disease of chronic uncontrolled complement activation leading to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) and severe end-organ damage. Eculizumab, a terminal complement inhibitor approved for aHUS treatment, was reported to improve hematologic and renal parameters in 2 prior prospective phase 2 studies. This is the largest prospective study of eculizumab in aHUS to date, conducted in an adult population.
- Anemia associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often requires treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO). Hypoxia-inducible factor−prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors (PHIs) stimulate endogenous EPO synthesis and induce effective erythropoiesis by non-EPO effects. GSK1278863 is an orally administered small-molecule PHI.
- Iron deficiency anemia and serum phosphate levels > 4.0 mg/dL are relatively common in chronic kidney disease stages 3 to 5 and are associated with higher risks of progressive loss of kidney function, cardiovascular events, and mortality.